Sir Terry Morgan steps down as chairman of HS2 and Crossrail
Crossrail and HS2 chairman Sir Terry Morgan who Transport Secretary Chris Grayling said was ‘world class’ has resigned from both jobs
- Sir Terry Morgan, 70, was appointed the chief of HS2 just four months ago
- He was described as ‘world class’ at time by Transport Secretary Chris Grayling
- Last week, Sir Terry told the BBC that he expected to be sacked from his roles
Sir Terry Morgan has resigned as chairman of HS2 Ltd and Crossrail projects.
The transport chief, who was described as ‘world class’ when he was appointed just four months ago by Transport Secretary Chris Grayling, admitted he thought he would be sacked last week.
Allan Cook CBE has today been appointed as the new chair of HS2 Ltd, while the new head of Crossrail is yet to be announced.
It comes as senior ministers fear HS2 costs could balloon past the £56billion estimate and exceed £100billion, while Crossrail is due to open in autumn 2019 – more than nine months after its initial opening date.
Following Sir Terry’s resignation, Mr Grayling said: ‘Sir Terry has been an integral part of Crossrail for almost a decade and I would like to thank him for his dedication and the expertise he brought to the role.
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‘I am also grateful to him for his work as chair of HS2 Ltd.
‘HS2 is the country’s biggest infrastructure project and, with his wealth of experience, Allan Cook CBE is the right person to oversee the project as it progresses towards full construction.’
A Department for Transport spokesman said: ‘The Transport Secretary and Mayor of London have today accepted the resignation of Sir Terror Morgan as chairman of Crossrail Ltd. The Transport Secretary has also accepted his resignation as chairman of HS2 Ltd.
‘Sir Terry, who recently joined HS2 Ltd, was chairman of Crossrail Ltd for almost a decade, guiding the project through construction towards completion.’
Sadiq Khan was scathing in his assessment of Sir Terry.
In a statement, he said: ‘Historically there’s been a lack of adequate information shared by the senior Crossrail leadership with the project’s joint sponsors – namely, the Department for Transport & Transport for London.’
Before his resignation, Sir Terry admitted there was ‘still a lot of work to do’ to deliver the £56billion rail project on time and in budget.
He said that it will now be ‘very difficult’ to make sure the line is built within its price.
HS2 (High Speed 2) is a plan to construct a a new high-speed rail linking London, West Midlands, Leeds and Manchester. Pictured is an artist’s impression of how the new line might look once up and running
Work is scheduled to continue on the Crossrail line until autumn next year, as bosses say extra time is needed for testing
He said rail bosses were confident the high speed line, on which trains will travel 250mph, would eventually be deliver – but it would be a ‘big challenge’ to hit government targets.
Sir Terry Morgan has only been chairman of the controversial HS2 for four months but is expected to get the chop after his poor performance was flagged to Prime Minister Theresa May.
What is HS2 and when did work first start on the project?
HS2 (High Speed 2) is a plan to construct a a new high-speed rail linking London, West Midlands, Leeds and Manchester.
The line is to be built in a ‘Y’ configuration. London will be on the bottom of the ‘Y’, Birmingham at the centre, Leeds at the top right and Manchester at the top left.
The idea for a second high-speed line was proposed in 2009 by the Department for Transport under the Labour Government.
It was to be developed by a new company, High Speed Two Limited (HS2 Ltd).
Early in this year, the government confirmed the route the new line would take.
It also announced that the work would be completed in two phases, from London to the West Midlands and from the West Midlands to Crewe.
Work on Phase One began in 2017 after the project was given royal assent.
The government plans envisage the line being operational by 2026.
The first trains scheduled to be used on the project are set to arrive for testing.
The first passengers are scheduled to travel on HS2.
How much has the project cost?
The project has a projected cost of £56 billion ($77 billion), up from the initial cost of £32.7 billion ($45 billion) in 2010.
Last year’s annual report showed that the company established by the government to build the railway spent £500 million in the year to March 31 – up almost 30 per cent from £352.9 million the year before.
It takes the total amount spent by HS2 so far to more than £1.9billion since 2009.
Separate accounts published by the Department for Transport also showed it had spent another £366 million on HS2.
The bulk of this was on compensating individuals and businesses who own property and land near the planned line.
He was also in charge of the £15billion Crossrail project, which has been plagued by repeated delays and will nine months behind schedule.
Sir Terry said: ‘What is true is that the scope, the time and the cost has been predetermined,’ The Times reported.
He added: ‘What the team at HS2 is trying to do at the moment is to square those facts off.
‘It’s very difficult. It’s not impossible but there is still a lot of work to do but it’s too early to create crises around this programme. It is still at a very formative stage.’
Sir Terry also said that he was ‘disappointed’ by the way he had been treated by Mr Khan, who he said knew about the delay to Crossrail more than a month before it was publicly announced.
He said that problems with new trains were behind the delay and they were the mayor’s responsibility.
He said: ‘In my mind I am not leaving HS2 over anything that I have done in the context of HS2.
‘I think personally, given the scale of the project and its importance to the UK, there was a concern that what’s happened on Crossrail might in some way undermine the position on HS2.’
Main building work was due to start on HS2, which is Europe’s biggest infrastructure project, this month but it has been put off until at least June to get spending back on track.
Sir Terry said that he had ‘nothing against’ Mr Grayling.
He said: ‘When I took the HS2 job I didn’t know about the scale of the problems we would have on Crossrail.
‘So I respect the secretary of state’s right to make the decision on whether he has got the right chairman or not.’
HS2 is set to create a new high-speed rail linking London, West Midlands, Leeds and Manchester.
It was initially estimated to cost £56billion, but several senior ministers are said to privately fear it could exceed £100billion.
It is to be built in a ‘Y’ configuration. London will be on the bottom of the ‘Y’, Birmingham at the centre, Leeds at the top right and Manchester at the top left.
Work on Phase One began in 2017 and the government plans envisage the line being operational by 2026.
It has prompted fears of potential cuts to infrastructure spending from unions and criticism from the Stop HS2 Campaign who branded HS2 as ‘a mess, it’s always been a mess’.
Sir Terry has been chairman on the Crossrail project since June 2009.
It was announced on August 31 that the capital’s new east-west railway will open in autumn 2019 rather than December this year to complete infrastructure and testing.
Addressing the delay, a spokesman for Crossrail Limited said in August: ‘The revised schedule is needed to complete the final infrastructure and extensive testing required to ensure the Elizabeth line opens as a safe and reliable railway.’
The project’s budget was increased from £14.8 billion to £15.4 billion in July due to ‘cost pressures’. It is being predominantly funded by Transport for London (TfL) and the Government.
The complete history of Crossrail: How project was first envisioned in 1880… to be built nearly 100 years later
1880 The idea for a scheme like this actually began more than one hundred years ago, with a company called the Regents Canal & Railway Company which lobbied for permission to build a railway that would link Paddington with London’s docks.
1943 The idea resurfaced over fifty years later in 1943. One of the results of this period of contemplation was the Abercrombie Plan. Although much of the Abercrombie Plan ultimately came to pass the new Tube lines did not.
1974 The idea was not forgotten as London continued to grow and flourish. In the 1974 London Rail Study, published by the then Greater London Council and Department for Environment, the line finally got a name – Crossrail.
Unfortunately, the study estimated the cost of such a scheme at £300m, and thus although it recommended feasibility studies be undertaken as a priority, it could do little more.
1980 In 1980 that time almost came – a British Rail discussion paper, published that year, proposed an Inter City link across London featuring three route options and costed at £330m.
Although the 1980 discussion paper ultimately led to nothing, the looming threat of Underground congestion that both it and the 1974 study had highlighted continued to develop.
1989 The government commissioned and published the Central London Rail Study in 1989 – a report which took many of the schemes highlighted in the 1974 study and developed them into more concrete schemes.
1990 In October 1990 the government finally gave the go-ahead to British Rail and London Transport to develop the east-west Crossrail scheme
In November 1991, a private bill was submitted to Parliament. The cost of the Crossrail scheme was given as just over £2bn at 1993 prices
The onset of the recession in the early 1990s, combined with the increased constraints on public finances, proved key factors that lead to Parliament rejecting the Bill in May 1994.
1994 In July 1994 it was announced that the Crossrail project would be pushed forward under the Transport and Works Act (TWA) system, which had replaced private bills as the procedure by which large infrastructure projects could be brought about.
Before the draft order was lodged, however, the Government commissioned a further study to determine whether any smaller scale alternatives could achieve the same benefits as Crossrail.
2000 Cross London Rail Links Ltd (CLRL), jointly owned by the SRA and Transport for London (TfL), was set up to undertake project definition work on a Crossrail link and a feasibility study of a possible Hackney-southwest London scheme. CLRL’s initial budget was set at £154 million and the company was launched in January 2002.
2005 A Crossrail Hybrid Bill was presented to Parliament in February 2005 and the principle of the scheme was established at the second reading debate in July.
2008 The Crossrail Act finally gave Crossrail a confirmed route.
2009 After 35 years of planning and development, Crossrail finally broke ground on 15 May 2009 at Canary Wharf, when the Mayor and the then Transport Secretary Lord Adonis launched the first pile into the North Dock in Docklands at the site of the new Canary Wharf station.
2012 Crossrail tunnelling began in May 2012 and ended at Farringdon in May 2015 with the break through of tunnelling machine Victoria.
Eight 1,000 tonne tunnelling machines have bored 26 miles or 42 km of new 6.2m diameter rail tunnels under London.
2018 All of the permanent track was installed and the new Elizabeth line trains were being tested using the line’s new automatic train control system which operates in the central section of the route.
The line was due to open in December but has been delayed for further testing to be carried out.
2019 Crossrail is due to open in the Autumn.
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