Are Hawkeye and Ant-Man in Avengers Endgame and why weren't they in Infinity War?

2019 promises to be Marvel's biggest year to date as they boast the largest ensemble cast to date with the sequel to this year's smash-hit Infinity War but where was Hawkeye and will he return?

Why weren't Hawkeye and Ant-Man in Infinity War?

Hawkeye, otherwise known as Clint Barton, was last seen in Captain America: Civil War when he was drawn out of retirement to come to the soldier's aid against Team Iron-Man.

After the epic showdown, Jeremy Renner and Paul Rudd's Ant-Man were imprisoned under the orders of Thaddeus Ross.

The end of the film shows Cap returning to break the rest of his team out.

Yet although they were freed with Elizabeth Olsen's Scarlet Witch and Anthony Mackie's Falcon, the two were absent from Infinity War.

It was later explained that Ant-Man and Hawkeye had both taken deals with the authorities for their wrong-doings in Civil War that had left them under house arrest in order to protect their families.

What is Hawkeye's role in Avengers 4?

In the comics, Clint Barton returns to his family to discover that his family have been assassinated which leads to him shedding the persona of Hawkeye and becoming the lone samurai Ronin.

Pictures of Renner on the set of 2019's Avengers 4 that directly follows on from Infinity War shows the actor sporting the leg armour that Ronin wears as well a noticeably different mohawk.

One theory is when Thanos wiped out half the universe in the Decimation, he claimed all of Clint's family bar Hawkeye himself, which may explain his swift to the ruthless samurai.

Joe and Anthony Russo told ComicBook: "Hawkeye’s on his own journey in this movie.

"He has a unique reaction to the Civil War situation that puts him in a special spot in this film."

The first trailer for Avengers: Endgame was released in December 2019, and shows a noticeably different Clint Barton sheathing a samurai sword over the bodies of his victims.

As he was still under house arrest in Civil War, the switch to the sleeker disguise of Ronin may also aide Clint in returning to the superhero world without government intervention.

What is Ant-Man's role in Avengers 4?

Ant-Man and the Wasp was released earlier this summer as the start of Marvel's Phase 4, and showed Scott trapped in the Quantum Realm while Thanos claimed Hank, Hope, and Janet.

During the film, Janet explained to Hank that exposure to the Quantum Realm had changed her and she's now more evolved and possesses new powers.

In the Avengers: Endgame trailer, Scott is shown with towards the end arriving outside Avengers' headquarters in the same van Hank built the quantum tunnelling.

It has been reported multiple times that time travel may hold the key to defeating Thanos so Ant-Man's knowledge of the Quantum Realm may be the most useful tool the Avengers have.

When will Avengers 4 be released in the UK?

Avengers: Endgame will hit the cinemas across the UK on April 26, 2019 – exactly a year on from Infinity War. This will be followed by a US release on May 3, 2019.

The latest trailer sees Tony Stark bid farewell as he runs out of oxygen while the remaining superheroes try to come out with a game plan.

Despite the massacre at the end of Infinity War, most of the characters are expected to return in Avengers 4.

The film will follow directly on from Infinity War but will depart even further from the original Marvel comics.

One fan theory was that Avengers 4 might have something to do with the invasion of earth by Skrull aliens, which happens in the comic books.

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Are Australian men victims of sexism?

Are men victims of sexism?

It was the surprise statistic to come of the largest-ever survey of its kind on the issue of sexism in Australia.

For all its positive campaigns such #MeToo, social media can also “sharpen differences and this creates echo chambers.”Credit:Stocksy

The survey painted a complex picture of gender equality, with 76 per cent of men and women saying men are victims of sexism, and 45 per cent of men and women believing that feminism has gone "too far" – despite the survey also finding that 60 per cent young women in Australia have suffered gender inequality, from sexual harassment to workplace discrimination.

Commissioned by SBS in conjunction with Sydney’s Macquarie University, the survey results were explored in SBS’s new documentary Is Australia Sexist?

Professor Catherine Lumby of Macquarie University, who was a co-supervisor on the survey, says the belief that men suffer from sexism is a complex issue.

Feminism a convenient scapegoat

One factor is the dramatic economic changes fuelled by globalisation which has created a growing male underclass who are not sharing the fruits of prosperity.

These men are doing it tough, and for them – she believes feminism can be an easy scapegoat.

However, their plight is the result of fundamental economic changes, not feminism, Dr. Lumby points out, citing the disappearance of the traditional blue-collar manufacturing and mining base in her hometown of Newcastle.

These men would be better off demanding action from political leaders for better labour rights and conditions, but alarmingly, politicians around the world are increasingly exploiting the politics of male grievance for electoral gain.

For all this, Dr. Lumby does believe men are experiencing critical challenges because of their gender: from high suicide levels to male-on-male violence.

It’s a tough time to be a young man, she says.

Social media fuelling male resentment

Some are increasingly prey to not just the darker side of social media which legitimises and amplifies the politics of male resentment – she cites the incel movement and the more radical fringes of the Men’s Right movement – but the rise of charismatic speakers such as Canadian academic Jordan Peterson.

For all its positive campaigns such #MeToo, social media can also “sharpen differences and this creates echo chambers.”

“There is probably a lot of uncertainty for young men in a society where the very idea of gender is being challenged – literally.

“We are living in a rapidly changing world… for young men, you’ve got to be pretty lionhearted to not be a little uncertain about where you stand and what it means to be a man.”

Has feminism gone ‘too far’?

Australia appears to have become an increasingly unequal place for women, according to studies such as the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2017.

So why then do almost half of both men and women believe feminism has gone “too far”, according to the survey?

Dr Lumby believes that this has a lot to do with how people define the label “feminist” – many associate it with radicalism and man-hating.

“However, in conversations with men and women, a vast proportion of people say, I’ve got a daughter, of course I want her to have equal rights.”

A backlash in full swing

Dr. Lumby believes the negative view of feminism is part of wider backlash against the strides made by women and other minorities in recent years, spearheaded by disenfranchised men claiming reverse discrimination.

This growing culture of victimhood is built on male resentment over being forced to share power, she believes. To them, giving slices of a pie to others – women, people of colour, migrants, asylum-seekers – means less pie for them.

This is despite men still dominating the levers of power, be it in politics or the corporate world, she points out.

Men may have workplace challenges but they don’t face “the fundamental structural discriminationthat is structured into the workplace and our world. Women deal with [it], people of colour deal with [it]. It’s not ad hoc.”

No one wins in an unequal world

In the end, gender stereotypes are a straightjacket for both sexes, Dr. Lumby says. A society where gender was less of an issue would free up both men and women.

Men, in particular, would be released from constricting gender stereotypes about being the family breadwinner, giving them more flexibility when it comes to career choices, work/life balance, caring for children and expressing their emotions in a healthy way.

Freed from a rigid stereotype of masculinity, they would live better lives, Dr. Lumby believes.

“I want it to happen. I’ve got teenage sons whom I adore.”

Is Australia Sexist? is available to stream on SBS On DemandThis article was originally published on SBS Life.

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Fans Are Hilariously Mourning Captain America’s Missing Beard In The ‘Avengers: Endgame’ Trailer

Cap shaves the day? After the long-awaited first Avengers: Endgame trailer dropped on Friday, Dec. 7, one of the many burning questions on fans’ minds has obviously been: What happened to Captain America’s beard? The dreamy facial hair Chris Evans’ Cap rocked in this year’s Avengers: Infinity War clearly had its time cut way too short, and now Marvel stans are mourning more than just Thanos’ latest kills.

After all, they’d barely gotten time to marvel at Cap’s glorious scruff. Even Thor (Chris Hemsworth) took note of his new look when he and the shield-carrying superhero came face to hairy face on an Infinity War battlefield. (Full disclosure: Thor did accuse Cap of stealing his look.)

Cap appears to obviously be grieving in the trailer, but moviegoers will have to wait until Avengers: Endgame hits theaters on April 26, 2019 to find out if it’s due to the loss of his fallen comrades — or the loss of his beloved beard. In all seriousness though, there were some truly heartbreaking casualties in Infinity War, but despite heavy speculation going into the film, Cap, of course, didn’t end up being one of them.

The character’s fate moving forward, however, is a little more precarious. In early October, Evans announced on Twitter that he’d finished shooting Endgame (then known as Avengers 4) and was hanging up his shield after nearly a decade in the role.

"Officially wrapped on Avengers 4," Evans wrote to his more than 9.6. million Twitter followers. "It was an emotional day to say the least. Playing this role over the last 8 years has been an honor. To everyone in front of the camera, behind the camera, and in the audience, thank you for the memories! Eternally grateful."

To be fair, Evans had previously warned fans he’d soon be retiring the character. “You want to get off the train before they push you off,” he said in a March 2018 profile in The New York Times.

Plus, Marvel fans also got to see more of Evans’ Captain America than the actor had originally planned. Evans previously told Rolling Stone that 2016’s Captain America: Civil War would be "the last installment of Captain America." Even though the completion of that film would have satisfied his contractual obligations, Evans signed on for two additional Avengers films: Infinity War and, finally, next year’s Endgame.

Before anyone has to even begin thinking about that though, today, the true heroes are the fans reacting to Cap’s clean shave on Twitter. Two beard stans even went so far as to use their wit — and superb photo editing skills — to avert the existential fan crisis. "There. I fixed it for you all," Laura Sirikul posted along with an image that included illustrated facial hair.

Other Marvel fans were quick to point fingers toward a usual suspect. "I will never forgive Thanos for making Cap so tramatized [sic] he shaved his beard," tweeted Dani Fernandez.

@bratvaolicity claimed that they were the traumatized one.

Finally, some other fans, Casey Cipriani and @Weeaboo_Warren called it what it was: the real post-Infinity War casualty.

It’s great to see Cap’s short-lived beard get the all-star salute that it deserves.

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Fans Are SERIOUSLY Upset About These Grammy Snubs

Cue the violins: All of the 2019 Grammy Awards snubs have been revealed, with nominations officially announced on Friday, Nov. 7. And although many great albums and artists got recognition, there were also some fan favorites — including Taylor Swift, Ariana Grande, and The Carters (AKA Beyoncé and JAY-Z) — who were overlooked for the chance to take home a gilded gramophone trophy in some significant categories.

While Ariana Grande certainly didn’t go entirely overlooked, having scored two nominations, Arianators may be upset that her latest chart-topper "Thank U, Next" was shutout from the 2019 awards show. But before any high ponytails get all in a twist, don’t forget that the Grammys nomination criteria states that only music released between October 1, 2017 and September 30, 2018 was eligible. Sadly, the song’s November drop missed the deadline, but, hey, there’s always next year.

Timing also may have played a hand in Taylor Swift only earning one nod. The 10-time Grammy winner released her latest album Reputation in November 2017, and so, yes, it was technically eligible for nomination this year, but by the time the 61st Annual Grammy Awards air on Feb. 10, the album will have been out for nearly a year and a half. Plus, it’s worth nothing that Reputation’s lead single, “Look What You Made Me Do” was eligible for a nomination last year but did not receive any recognition from the Recording Academy.

Of course, Cardi B wasn’t included in the Best New Artist category, despite her debut studio album Invasion of Privacy dropping this April. The reason? The "Bodak Yellow" rapper had earned two Grammy nods at last year’s show.. According to Billboard, the Grammys has adjusted the Best New Artist rules over the years, and they now state that "any artist with a previous Grammy nomination as a performer" would not qualify.

Post Malone also did not earn a Best New Artist, but he did earn several other important nods. As also reported by Billboard (via an anonymous source), the "Rockstar" rapper "was also submitted for best new artist at this year’s show but didn’t garner a nomination." The debate, it seemed, was that, yes, Post Malone’s 2018 album Beerbongs & Bentleys was his breakout, but he did also previously release an album called Stoney in December 2016.

And while "Shallow" — Lady Gaga and Bradley Cooper’s lead single from A Star Is Bornwas eligible for nominations this year and succeeded, the movie’s full soundtrack wasn’t released until after the Sept. 30 deadline. “We didn’t want to release the soundtrack before the movie because the soundtrack really is the story of the film," producer Lynette Howell explained to The Hollywood Reporter.

More to come…

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BTS Are Twitter’s Most Tweeted About Celebs of 2018!

BTS are just dominating this year – and were just revealed as Twitter‘s most tweeted about celebs and musicians!

According to year-end data from Twitter, which was released yesterday, the K-pop boy band was 2018′s most tweeted-about user globally, topping the list for the second year in a row.

Band member Jimin was even the ninth most tweeted-about celebrity in the United States – without his own Twitter handle.

BTS, who have 17.2 million followers right now, also had the most liked tweet of 2018 – their video for Drake’s #InMyFeelingsChallenge posted earlier this summer has over 1.6 million likes and over 13.7 million views.

Check out all the lists, including top TV shows, movies and more, inside now!

The Most Tweeted-About Celebrities

1. BTS (@BTS_twt)​
2. LeBron James (@KingJames)
3. Kanye West (@KanyeWest)
4. Drake (@Drake)
5. EXO (@weareoneEXO)
6. Ariana Grande (@ArianaGrande)
7. Cardi B (@iamCardiB)
8. Beyonce (@Beyonce)
9. #Jimin *see below for explanation*
10. Nicki Minaje (@NickiMinaj)

The Most Tweeted-About Musicians:
1. @BTS_twt
2. @KanyeWest
3. @Drake
4. @weareoneEXO
5. @ArianaGrande
6. @iamCardiB
7. @Beyonce
8. #Jimin *see below for explanation*
9. @NickiMinaj
10. @Rihanna

The Most Tweeted-About Movements:
1. March For Our Lives
2. NFL Protests
3. Students Stand Up
4. Me Too
5. Black Lives Matter

The Most Tweeted-About Movies:
1. Black Panther
2. The Avengers: Infinity War
3. The Incredibles 2
4. Star Wars: The Last Jedi
5. Deadpool 2
6. Love, Simon
7. A Wrinkle in Time
8. Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom
9. Crazy Rich Asians
10. The Shape of Water

The Most Tweeted-About TV Shows:
1. Saturday Night Live
2. Roseanne
3. Grey’s Anatomy
4. The Walking Dead
5. Big Brother
6. The Voice
7. Live PD
8. Supernatural
9. Game of Thrones
10. Riverdale

The Most Tweeted-About Streaming Shows:
1. 13 Reasons Why
2. Stranger Things
3. Black Mirror
4. Queer Eye
5. The Handmaid’s Tale

The Most Tweeted-About Athletes:
1. LeBron James
2. Colin Kaepernick
3. Kobe Bryant
4. Kyrie Irving
5. Tom Brady
6. Dwyane Wade
7. Serena Williams
8. Kawhi Leonard
9. Chris Paul
10. Stephen Curry

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Here Are The Weirdest Job Titles Of Colton’s ‘Bachelor’ Season

We saw some of their faces in the first trailer. We saw some names on Reality Steve’s roster of rumored contestants. And now, the time has come: We know who will be on Colton Underwood’s season of The Bachelor. And we know the weird jobs titles of Colton’s The Bachelor season. And while there are not a ton of weird job titles this season, the few bonkers ones sure do pack quite the bonkers punch.

On Thursday, Dec. 6. Chris Harrison hopped on Facebook Live to unveil the list of humans who will appear on Season 23 of the renowned dating competition series, as well as offer up some information about each of the contestants vying for Colton’s affections. He shared the contestants’ ages, their hometowns, and, of course, their job titles. There will be realtors. There will be people who work in sales. There will be people who work in the medical field. All in all, there are a lot of traditional jobs this round.

There will not be any professional free spirits. There will not be any professional hipsters. There will not be any professional chicken enthusiasts. There will not be any professional tickle monsters.

But do you know what there will be? A professional sloth. And for that, Bachelor Nation should be grateful. Because what is a season of The Bachelor/ette without a few job titles that leave you scratching your head with your sloth-like talons?

Alex D. — Sloth

Wait, have you heard? I am not sure if it has come up yet, but there is a sloth this season. Not a sloth enthusiast. A sloth.

What does being a sloth entail, exactly? Does she snooze a lot? Does she enjoy hanging upside down from trees? Does she have extremely long claws? Will she sleep in one of the trees out in the backyard of the Bachelor Mansion instead of one of the bunkbeds? Can’t wait to find out.

Careful to not spoil too much, Chris Harrison teased, “Let’s just say she has a slow roll into night one. And it has to do with how she comes out of the limo.” And yes, she did wear sloth costume on night one.

When she isn’t busy sloth-ing, Alex D. works at an IT staffing agency as an account manager.

Erin — Cinderella

At first, you may be like, "She could work as Cinderella at Disneyland, Disney World, or kids’ birthday parties. That’s not a weird job, calm down."

Here’s where things do get weird: Erin lives in Plano, which is nowhere near Disneyland or Disney World, and according to her ABC cast profile, she "works full time for her stepmother’s home improvement business."

So uh, why didn’t she say she works in home improvement with her stepmom? Where does the Cinderella thing come in? And was her night one dress stitched together by mice and birds?

Heather — Never Been Kissed

OK, Josie Grossie.

A professional sloth. A professional Cinderella. A professional never been kissed. Thank you, The Bachelor, for continuing to shine a light on some truly unconventional job titles.

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Here Are All The Things The Apple Watch’s New Heart Monitor Can Do

Heart health is something women are starting to pay more attention to — Grey’s Anatomy even had a storyline about Dr. Miranda Bailey having a heart attack, emphasizing the importance of recognizing the signs you’re experiencing a cardiac episode. Need a little assistance? The Apple Watch heart monitor is here, and it’s going to be your new heart health BFF. If you have an Apple Watch Series 4, you can use the ECG app to take an electrocardiogram right from your wrist.

Electro-who-a-what? If you’ve never heard of an electrocardiogram, it captures your heart rhythm and records symptoms like rapid or skipped heart beats, which helps provide critical data to your doctor in the event of a cardiac event, Apple announced on its website. Apple Watch Series 4 users can download the watchOS 5.1.2 update to enable the ECG app and irregular heart rhythm notification feature, which can identify signs of atrial fibrillation, the most common irregular heart rhythm. If left untreated, atrial fibrillation can lead to stroke, heart failure, or other complications, according to the Mayo Clinic.

"We are confident in the ability of these features to help users have more informed conversations with their physicians,” Dr. Sumbul Desai, Apple’s vice president of health, said in the announcement. "With the ECG app and irregular rhythm notification feature, customers can now better understand aspects of their heart health in a more meaningful way."

Don’t have the Apple Watch Series 4 and having major FOMO? You can still enable notifications for irregular hearth rhythms, you just don’t have access to the other on-demand features of the ECG app. If you do have the Apple Watch Series 4, and you want to get started ASAP, download the update, launch the ECG app, and hold your finger on the app’s digital crown, Apple advised. After 30 seconds, the app will classify your heart rhythm as either AFib (atrial fibrillation), sinus rhythm (normal), or inconclusive.

"All recordings, their associated classifications, and any noted symptoms are stored securely in the Health app on iPhone," Apple noted. You can also share a PDF of the results with your doctor. Ahead of the launch, the irregular rhythm notification feature was the subject of an Apple Heart Study that included more than 400,000 people, making it the largest screening study on atrial fibrillation ever conducted and one of the largest cardiovascular trials to date, according to Apple.

"The role that technology plays in allowing patients to capture meaningful data about what’s happening with their heart, right when it’s happening, like the functionality of an on-demand ECG, could be significant in new clinical care models and shared decision making between people and their healthcare providers," Nancy Brown, CEO of the American Heart Association, told Apple.

While the app does detect irregular heart rhythms, it does not detect heart attacks, blood clots, strokes, or other heart-related conditions including high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, high cholesterol, or other forms of arrhythmia, Apple reported. It’s important that you don’t use the app as a replacement for proper medical care.

"The idea that wearables can be used by both patients and their health care providers to manage and improve heart health holds promise and should also be approached with caution to ensure information and data are used responsibly and in concert with other evidence-based tools and guidelines," Dr. C. Michael Valentine, president of the American College of Cardiology, told Apple. What’s more, the ECG app isn’t approved for everyone.

Once you download the update, your device will guide you through an onscreen setup that includes details about who can use the new features, how the features work and what they can and cannot do, what results you may get, how to interpret those results, and clear instructions for what to do if you experience symptoms that require immediate medical attention. Mind blown. Apparently the future of modern medicine is now, and you can wear it on your wrist.

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These Are the Most Popular Dog Names of 2018

Gone to the dogs! released its annual list of the top male and female dog names for 2018, and the monikers of some of Hollywood’s biggest A-listers made the list.

Bella Hadid, Bella Thorne, model Stella Maxwell and Lucy Hale, for instance, all share their names with plenty of pups, as their titles topped the list for female dogs in 2018.

When it comes to male dogs, celeb names like Charlie (Sheen) and Jack (Nicholson) were among the top 10.

The first name of Alicia Silverstone’s 7-year-old son with ex Christopher Jarecki, Bear, was a top 10 contender for male pups, and Luna — the name of Chrissy Teigen’s 2-year-old daughter with John Legend — came in at No. 3 for female dogs.

The pet sitter and dog walker service analyzed the names given to more than one million pooches to arrive at their findings. Their results revealed that 36 percent of pups had human names, a fact that makes sense when you consider that 94 percent of dog owners also consider their canines to be actual members of their families.

Other celeb names that garnered interest for pet names included Cardi, which jumped in popularity by a whopping 1,250 percent, Freddie Mercury (up 67 percent), Gambino (up 190 percent), Milo and Leo.

Also sparking serious naming inspiration were films such as Thor and Wonder Woman, shows like Westworld, and, of course, the royal family, which increased in popularity by 11 percent: Sophie, George, Prince, Charlotte and Harry were all top royal dog names.

As for Duchess Meghan? Her name was up 133 percent from 2017, with Harry jumping by 129 percent.

See the top 10 names for each sex below, and check out the list in full on

Top Male Dog Names

1. Max
2. Charlie
3. Cooper
4. Buddy
5. Jack
6. Rocky
7. Duke
8. Bear
9. Tucker
10. Oliver

Top 10 Female Dog Names

1. Bella
2. Lucy
3. Luna
4. Daisy
5. Lola
6. Sadie
7. Molly
8. Bailey
9. Maggie
10. Stella

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Are the Medical Problems on ‘The Good Doctor’ Actually Real? – The Cheat Sheet Are the Medical Problems on ‘The Good Doctor’ Actually Real?

The Good Doctor, which premiered in 2017, has quickly become one of the most popular primetime shows today. It’s a medical drama, which means every episode sees new medical problems arise among patients. But are these problems embellished, or do hospitals actually deal with issues such as these on a daily basis?

The Good Doctor | ABC

‘The Good Doctor’ follows Dr. Shaun Murphy, an autistic doctor, while he solves medical conundrums

The concept of the show surrounds Dr. Shaun Murphy, an autistic doctor with savant syndrome. He was hired by Dr. Aaron Glassman, who was the president of the hospital during the show’s first season. (Due a mistake Murphy made, Glassman was relieved of his duties as president.) Murphy’s savant skills mean he has a form of brilliance that almost nobody else does. This allows him to draw conclusions about complex medical problems that other doctors on his team would not think of themselves. As a result, people are often skeptical of Murphy’s hunches, but he’s almost always right.

Dr. Aaron Glassman’s brain cancer is definitely real

One of the major medical problems on the show is Glassman’s brain cancer. He was diagnosed at the end of the first season. Originally, doctors told him he had an inoperable tumor. However, Murphy was convinced the doctors had made a mistake and asked Glassman to have further testing done. Glassman relented and had some more tests done, only to learn that Murphy’s hunch had been right: Glassman had a glioma. A glioma is a tumor that can occur in either the brain or spinal cord, and depending on its location, may be life threatening. However, this isn’t always the case. Depending on the type of glioma, the tumor may be operable and treatable. Gliomas make up about 80% of malignant brain tumors in Americans; roughly 16,000 people in the U.S. die from brain tumors each year.

The procedures and problems on the show are real, but some are complex and uncommon

Every episode sees several different problems arise among patients. Some are more common than others. For example, in the final episode of 2018, a deadly, fast-moving virus spread throughout the hospital’s emergency room and killed people in a matter of hours. While this could technically happen, it is extremely unlikely that any such virus would run rampant in the U.S. In that same episode, a man came in with a twisted bowel and the team used a saline enema to fix it. Twisted bowels are much more common than a deadly virus tearing through a hospital emergency room in less than a day. Another patient on the episode required a bone marrow transplant, which, of course, is a real procedure.

The hospital on the show is more equipped to handle complex medical procedures than other hospitals around the country

There are likely two reasons why San Jose St. Bonaventure Hospital sees such interesting illnesses: It adds more drama to the show, and the hospital is also a teaching hospital, which means it takes on complex cases on purpose to teach the doctors currently doing their residencies. A small hospital in a rural town would not have the capability to handle such interesting, difficult cases. But since San Jose St. Bonaventure appears to be a highly-ranked, well-known hospital, it is given difficult cases and often tries experimental treatments. While some procedures on the show are common and can be done anywhere, others are complicated, risky procedures that would only be done in a massive medical center such as the show’s New Mexico hospital.

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Why Food Allergies Are Out Of Control Worldwide

Scientists are telling us that food allergies, especially in children, are on the rise all over the world and the numbers show no signs of slowing.

Does it seem that, more and more, children around you are developing food allergies at an alarming rate? From your co-worker complaining about the price of handmade gluten-free bread for her child to your niece’s newfound peanut allergy, it seems that kids and food allergies are starting to go hand in hand. This leaves many of us adults to ponder on whether things have always been this way and we just never noticed it when we were children ourselves or if kids of today are more susceptible to food allergies for some reason. BBC reports that science is telling us it’s probably the latter.

Unfortunately, we don’t know exactly what is causing the increase in food allergies, many of which have the potential to be life-threatening. This past summer, a six-year-old girl from Australia died due to a dairy allergy and sadly, these stories are becoming far too common. Recent reports state that approximately seven percent of children in the U.K. and approximately nice percent of children in Australia have serious food allergies while it’s been reported that across Europe, just two percent of adults have serious food allergies.

The rise in allergies in recent decades has been particularly noticeable in the West. Food allergy now affects about 7 percent of children in the UK and 9 percent of those in Australia, for example. Across Europe, 2 percent of adults have food allergies.

The most common foods that children are allergic to today, animal-milk, eggs, wheat, peanuts, tree nuts such as pine or brazil nuts, sesame seed and oil, fish and shellfish, can cause a whole host of symptoms from skin redness, hives, swelling, vomiting and trouble breathing sometimes leading to anaphylactic shock. In severe cases, allergic reactions can cause anaphylactic shock right away.

Scientists have not yet invented a cure for food allergies and many believe that a cause will need to be determined first. Though no direct cause has been pinpointed yet, several theories exist. Some of the theories include pollution, environmental factors, and dietary changes. Another interesting theory is improved hygiene. Parasitic infections are usually combated by the same cell systems that battle allergies. But with fewer parasites to fight off these days, children’s immune systems are not as strong as they should be. Vitamin D is said to be the closest thing to a cure of sorts. It’s said that vitamin D can help the body to develop a healthy response system and help our bodies to be less susceptible to food allergies.

So for now, eat healthy options and keep those epi-pens close by but hopefully, a cure is on the horizon.

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